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Determination of Oxygen, Nitrogen & Hydrogen Via Inert Gas Fusion Technique

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HEAT, SEPARATE AND DETECT ONH IN METALS

Inert gases, such as argon or nitrogen does not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions. They are chemically inactive, which allows parts to be built which meet the exacting standards required for metal parts used in the aerospace and automotive industries.

These undesirable chemical reactions are often oxidation and hydrolysis reactions with the oxygen and moisture in air. The term inert gas is context-dependent because several of the noble gases can be made to react under certain conditions.

Inert gases are used generally to avoid unwanted chemical reactions degrading a sample. They plays a pivotal role in producing high-quality metal AM parts—not only for the print process in the inert atmosphere where impurities need to be avoided.

Oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen strongly influence the properties of metals (like steel, titanium, copper) which makes a reliable and precise measurement of these elements an important part of the quality control process.

Inert gas fusion is a method of determining the quantitative content of gases in ferrous and nonferrous materials where gases, such as hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen, are physically and chemically adsorbed by the materials and later removed and swept by from the fusion area by an inert carrier gas.

A high temperature furnace is used to rapidly heat the sample and thereby convert certain elements into volatile forms in order to separate, detect and measure them.

DETECTION OF GASEOUS ELEMENTS (OXYGEN / NITROGEN / HYDROGEN)

Oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen strongly influence the properties of metals (like steel, titanium, and copper), which makes a reliable and precise measurement of these elements an important part of the quality control process.

Inert gas fusion is a method of determining the quantitative content of gas in ferrous and nonferrous materials where gas, such as hydrogen, nitrogen, and Oxygen, are physically and chemically adsorbed by the materials and later removed and swept from the fusion area by an inert carrier gas. A high-temperature furnace is used to rapidly heat the sample and convert certain elements into volatile forms to separate, detect and measure them.

Oxygen

Oxygen is undesirable in steel. Combines with other elements (manganese, silicon, aluminium, titanium, etc.) to form oxide inclusions that can degrade toughness and fatigue resistance. It is usually minimized in steel by deoxidation with aluminium and silicon and vacuum degassing.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is used as an alloying element, substituting the expensive and allergenic element nickel in austenitic stainless steels to improve their mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. High nitrogen content in stainless steels enhances the hardness, yield strength, tensile strength, wear resistance, and fatigue resistance of stainless steels.

HYDROGEN

Hydrogen is not ideal for metals like steel, aluminium, and magnesium. It can make these metals brittle; the ductility of the metal becomes reduced. Its durability deteriorates. This can lead to the sudden failure of parts and components.

WORKING PRINCIPLE

Our expert chemical testing team uses LECO ONH Determinator to carry out the inert gas fusion technique. The technique is to fuse the sample in a high-purity graphite crucible inside a furnace by taking it to very high temperatures (~3000°C) in an inert gas environment to release the target gas from within the sample efficiently.

The graphite crucibles are effectively resistors that supply the heat necessary to fuse the sample, as well as Carbon for reducing Oxygen in the sample. An inert carrier gas, purified Helium gas, sweeps the liberated analyte gas out of the furnace through a Mass Flow Controller and to a series of detectors.

Oxygen in the sample reacts with the graphite crucible to form CO and CO2, which are detected using non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) cells. The gas then flows through a reagent heater where the CO is oxidized to form CO2, and H2 is oxidized to form H2O. The gas continues through another set of NDIR cells where H2O and CO2 are detected.

These analytes are then scrubbed out of the carrier gas stream. The final component in the flow stream is a Thermal Conductivity (TC) detector used to detect nitrogen.

APPLICATION OF INERT GAS FUSION TECHNIQUE

Provide simultaneous wide-range measurement of Oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen content in steel, refractory metals, and other inorganic materials

Satisfy stringent material QC requirements

Provide researchers with accurate and precise data in material development

Designed for simultaneous wide-range measurement of oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen content of steel, refractory metals, and other inorganic materials.

COMMON TEST METHODS

ASTM E1019

ASTM E1447

ASTM E1409

Talk to us today

We can perform routine LECO analysis in our state-of-the-art chemical analysis laboratory. Our expert chemical team will apply the inert gas fusion Technique for your chemical analysis test.

For more information about our chemical composition Test, call us or send us an enquiry today.

process timeline

Process #1
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Process #2
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, mea ei viderer probatus consequuntur, sonet vocibus lobortis has ad. Eos erant indoctum an, dictas invidunt est ex, et sea consulatu torquatos. Nostro aperiam petentium eu nam, mel debet urbanitas ad, idque complectitur eu quo. An sea autem dolore dolores.
Process #3
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, mea ei viderer probatus consequuntur, sonet vocibus lobortis has ad. Eos erant indoctum an, dictas invidunt est ex, et sea consulatu torquatos. Nostro aperiam petentium eu nam, mel debet urbanitas ad, idque complectitur eu quo. An sea autem dolore dolores.
Process #4
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, mea ei viderer probatus consequuntur, sonet vocibus lobortis has ad. Eos erant indoctum an, dictas invidunt est ex, et sea consulatu torquatos. Nostro aperiam petentium eu nam, mel debet urbanitas ad, idque complectitur eu quo. An sea autem dolore dolores.
Process #5
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, mea ei viderer probatus consequuntur, sonet vocibus lobortis has ad. Eos erant indoctum an, dictas invidunt est ex, et sea consulatu torquatos. Nostro aperiam petentium eu nam, mel debet urbanitas ad, idque complectitur eu quo. An sea autem dolore dolores.
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